Honda Civic manuals

Honda Civic Service Manual: Front Knuckle/Hub Removal and Installation

Honda Civic Service Manual / Chassis / Suspension / Knuckles / Front Knuckle/Hub Removal and Installation

1. Front Knuckle/Hub/Wheel Bearing Exploded View

Exploded View


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NOTE: Refer to the Exploded View as needed during the following procedures.


1. Vehicle Lift

1.

Raise the vehicle on a lift, and make sure it is securely supported.


2. Front Wheel

1.

Remove the front wheel.


3. Front Brake Caliper - Detach

115mm


1.

Remove the brake hose mounting bolt (A).


2.

Remove the caliper assembly (B).


NOTE:

To prevent damage to the caliper assembly or brake hose, use a short piece of wire to hang the caliper assembly from the undercarriage.

Do not twist the brake hose excessively.


4. Front Wheel Speed Sensor - Move

1.

Remove the wheel speed sensor (A).


NOTE: Do not disconnect the wheel speed sensor connector.


5. Driveshaft Spindle Nut, Front Left


1.

Pry up the stake (A) on the spindle nut (B).


2.

Remove the spindle nut.


6. Front Brake Disc

1.

Remove the brake disc (A).


NOTE: If the brake disc is stuck to the front hub, thread two 8 x 1.25 mm bolts (B) into the brake disc to push it away from the front hub. Turn each bolt 90 degrees at a time to prevent the brake disc from binding.


7. Ball Joint - Removal

Always use a ball joint remover to disconnect a ball joint. Do not strike the housing or any other part of the ball joint connection to disconnect it.


1.

Install a hex nut (A) or the ball joint thread protector.


NOTE: When using a hex nut, make sure the nut is flush with the ball joint pin end to prevent damage to the threaded end of the ball joint pin.


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2.

Apply grease to the ball joint remover on the areas shown (A).


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3.

Install the ball joint remover as shown.


NOTE:

Fasten the safety chain (A) securely to a suspension arm or the subframe (B).

Making sure not to damage the ball joint boot.


4.

Tighten the pressure bolt until the ball joint pin pops loose from the ball joint connecting hole.


NOTE: Do not use pneumatic or electric tools on the pressure bolt.


5.

Remove the ball joint remover.


6.

Remove the hex nut or the ball joint thread protector.


7.

Pull the ball joint out of the ball joint connecting hole.


8. Tie-Rod End Ball Joint - Disconnection


1.

Remove the cotter pin (A).


2.

Remove the nut (B).


3.

Disconnect the tie-rod end ball joint.


9. Lower Ball Joint Lower Arm Side - Disconnection

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1.

Remove the flange bolt (A).


2.

Remove the flange nuts (B).


3.

Disconnect the lower ball joint (C) from the lower arm.


10. Front Knuckle/Hub Assembly

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1.

Remove the damper pinch bolts (A) and the flange nuts (B).


2.

Pull the knuckle (C) outward, and separate the outboard joint (D) from the front hub, then remove the knuckle/hub.


NOTE: Do not pull the driveshaft end outward. The inner driveshaft inboard joint may come apart.


11. Front Lower Ball Joint


1.

Remove the lock pin (A).


2.

Remove the castle nut (B).


3.

Remove the lower ball joint (C).



NOTE: Refer to the Exploded View as needed during the following procedures.


1. Front Lower Ball Joint

Except 18 inch wheels


18 inch wheel


1.

Install the lower ball joint (A).


2.

Install the new castle nut (B).


NOTE: Torque the castle nut to the lower torque specification, then tighten it only far enough to align the slot with the ball joint pin hole. Do not align the castle nut by loosening it.


3.

Install the lock pin (C) as shown.


2. Front Knuckle/Hub Assembly

Except 18 inch wheel

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18 inch wheel

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1.

Install the knuckle/hub (A).


NOTE: Apply grease to the mating surfaces of the wheel bearing and the driveshaft outboard joint.


3. Lower Ball Joint Lower Arm Side - Reconnection

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1.

Connect the lower ball joint (A) to the lower arm.


2.

Install the new flange nuts and the new flange bolt in the sequence shown.


4. Tie-Rod End Ball Joint - Reconnection

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1.

Connect the tie-rod end ball joint.


2.

Install the nut (A).


3.

Install the cotter pin (B) as shown.


5. Front Brake Disc

1.

Install the brake disc (A).


NOTE: Before installing the brake disc, clean the mating surfaces between the front hub and the inside of the brake disc.


6. Driveshaft Spindle Nut, Front Left

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1.

Apply a small amount of engine oil to the seating surface of a new spindle nut (A).


2.

Install the spindle nut.


3.

Use a drift to stake the spindle nut shoulder (B) against the driveshaft.


7. Front Wheel Speed Sensor - Move

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1.

Install the wheel speed sensor (A).


8. Front Brake Caliper - Reattach

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1.

Install the caliper assembly (A).


2.

Install the brake hose mounting bolt (B).


9. Front Wheel

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1.

Install the front wheel.


NOTE: Before installing the wheel, clean the mating surfaces between the brake disc and the inside of the wheel.


10. Pre-Alignment Checks

For proper inspection and adjustment of the wheel alignment, do these checks:


1.

Release the parking brake to avoid an incorrect measurement.


2.

Make sure the suspension is not modified.


3.

Make sure the fuel tank is full, and that the tire repair kit, the spare tire, the jack, and the tools are in place on the vehicle.


4.

Check the tire size and tire pressure according to tire information.


11. Caster - Inspection

Use commercially available computerized four wheel alignment equipment to measure wheel alignment (caster, camber, toe, and turning angle). Follow the equipment manufacturer's instructions.


1.

Check the caster angle.


USA and Canada models

Caster angle:

 

Except Si:

5 ° 19 ’±30 ’

 

Si (Without 18 inch wheel):

5 ° 22 ’±30 ’

 

Si (With 18 inch wheel):

5 ° 15 ’±30 ’


Mexico models

Caster angle:

 

Without 18 inch wheel:

5 ° 10 ’±30 ’

 

With 18 inch wheel:

5 ° 6 ’±30 ’


If the measurement is within specifications, measure the front camber angle.

If the measurement is not within specifications, check for bent or damaged suspension components.


12. Camber - Inspection

Use commercially available computerized four wheel alignment equipment to measure wheel alignment (caster, camber, toe, and turning angle). Follow the equipment manufacturer's instructions.


1.

Check the camber angle.


USA and Canada models

Camber angle:

 

Except Si:

   

Front:

0 ° 00 ’±30 ’

   

Rear:

-0 ° 45 ’±45 ’

 

Si (Without 18 inch wheel):

   

Front:

-0 ° 04 ’±30 ’

   

Rear:

-0 ° 52 ’±45 ’

 

Si (With 18 inch wheel):

   

Front:

-0 ° 18 ’±30 ’

   

Rear:

-0 ° 45 ’±45 ’

(Maximum difference between the front right and left side: 0 ° 45 ’)


Mexico models

Camber angle:

 

Front:

0 ° 20 ’±30 ’

 

Rear:

-0 ° 22 ’±45 ’

(Maximum difference between the front right and left side: 0 ° 45 ’)


If the measurement is within specification, measure the toe-in.

If the measurement for the front camber is not within the specification, go to front camber adjustment.

If the measurement for the rear camber is not within the specification, check for bent or damaged suspension components.


13. Front Toe - Inspection

Use commercially available computerized four wheel alignment equipment to measure wheel alignment (caster, camber, toe, and turning angle). Follow the equipment manufacturer's instructions.


1.

Set the steering column to the middle tilt position and telescopic positions.


2.

Center the steering wheel spokes, and install a steering wheel holder tool.


3.

Check the toe with the wheels pointed straight ahead.


Front toe-in: 0±2 mm (0±0.08 in)

If adjustment is required, go to the front toe adjustment.

If no adjustment is required, remove the alignment equipment.


14. Turning Angle - Inspection


Use commercially available computerized four wheel alignment equipment to measure wheel alignment (caster, camber, toe, and turning angle). Follow the equipment manufacturer's instructions.


Except '12 models


1.

Turn the wheel right and left while applying the brake, and measure the turning angle of both wheels.


USA and Canada models

Turning angle:

 

Except Si:

   

Inward:

38 ° 30 ’±2 °

   

Outward (reference):

30 ° 47 ’±1 °

 

Si (Without 18 inch wheel):

   

Inward:

38 ° 22 ’±2 °

   

Outward (reference):

30 ° 41 ’±1 °

 

Si (With 18 inch wheel):

   

Inward:

36 ° 33 ’±2 °

   

Outward (reference):

29 ° 53 ’±1 °


Mexico models

Turning angle:

 

Without 18 inch wheel:

   

Inward:

39 ° 12 ’±2 °

   

Outward (reference):

31 ° 14 ’±1 °

 

With 18 inch wheel:

   

Inward:

36 ° 58 ’±2 °

   

Outward (reference):

30 ° 16 ’±1 °


2.

If the measurement is not within the specifications, even up both sides of the tie-rod threaded section length while adjusting the front toe.


3.

If it is correct, but the turning angle is not within the specifications, check for bent or damaged suspension components.



'12 models


1.

Turn the wheel right and left while applying the brake, and measure the turning angle of both wheels.


USA and Canada models

Turning angle:

 

Except Si:

   

Inward:

38 ° 43 ’±2 °

   

Outward (reference):

30 ° 55 ’±1 °

 

Si:

   

Inward:

38 ° 36 ’±2 °

   

Outward (reference):

30 ° 49 ’±1 °


Mexico models

Turning angle:

 

Inward:

39 ° 15 ’±2 °

 

Outward (reference):

31 ° 21 ’±1 °


2.

If the measurement is not within the specifications, even up both sides of the tie-rod threaded section length while adjusting the front toe.


3.

If it is correct, but the turning angle is not within the specifications, check for bent or damaged suspension components.


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